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  • Writer's pictureMike Entner

The Problem and Challenges of Vehicle Electrification

By Michael Entner-Gómez | Digital Transformation Officer | Entner Consulting Group, LLC.



The electrification of vehicles holds immense potential, particularly in specific contexts, and ongoing technological advancements promise to broaden its applicability. Yet, significant challenges remain that require diligent problem-solving and strategic planning. This calls for a shift from mere enthusiasm to conducting thorough gap analyses and developing solutions to overcome these obstacles.


Analyzing the DOE's Optimistic Perspective


Let's review this web post from the U.S. DOE article "Correcting The Record About Electric Vehicle Sales." While the DOE offers an optimistic perspective, it is imperative to scrutinize both the accomplishments and hurdles faced by the EV industry.


EV Sales Growth: Context and Reality


Steady annual increase in EV sales is a position held by the DOE. However, while the growth is impressive, understanding the context is crucial. As the International Energy Agency (IEA) reports, "Electric vehicle sales surpassed 10 million in 2022, accounting for 14% of new car sales." However, rapid growth from a small base can distort perceptions of market adoption. Real success in EV uptake demands consistent expansion and integration into the broader market, not just initial sales spikes.


We must explore further: if sales are brisk, why are EV’s piling up on dealer lots and large incentives being offered? Something is amiss here, as reality doesn’t quite align with the optimism. As an example, the situation with Ford's F-150 Lightning Electric truck raises intriguing questions. Ford initially aimed for affordability, but rising material costs and supply chain issues forced them to increase the truck's price significantly to improve margins. Paradoxically, months later, they lowered the price and also offered substantial rebates, including up to $7,500. This scenario underscores the current volatility in the EV market, and is not indicative of EVs selling like hotcakes.


In another example, Hyundai's EV sales are surging, with double the monthly sales compared to the previous year, but the overall industry growth hasn't met expectations. In a recent interview, Chief Operating Office, José Muñoz, acknowledged that demand for EVs is not as high as anticipated. Notably, Hyundai is also experiencing remarkable growth in hybrid vehicle sales, suggesting that the mass market is not fully prepared for complete electrification​​.


Charging Infrastructure: Quantity vs. Quality


The adequacy of current infrastructure, highlighted by over 60,000 public charging stations, is another position of the DOE. The sheer number of charging stations doesn't reveal the full picture. Widespread concerns about charger functionality and upkeep point to a need for more dependable infrastructure. McKinsey & Company reports that "nearly half of US consumers list battery or charging concerns as their primary apprehensions regarding EV purchases." Additionally, customer experiences with public charging often fall short, with complaints about charging speed, cost, and availability.


As a salient example, Jennifer Granholm, the U.S. Secretary of Energy, and her team encountered a significant issue related to electric vehicle (EV) charging infrastructure during a road trip intended to promote green technology. They faced difficulties in finding enough EV chargers, which highlights the current challenges in the U.S. EV charging network. This incident, which occurred during their journey from Charlotte to Memphis, was notable enough to involve police intervention at one point, underscoring the urgency for improved and more reliable EV infrastructure. The event in Grovestown, Georgia, where a broken charger and fully occupied charging spots led to a confrontation and involvement of the police, exemplifies the need for not only an increased number of charging stations but also better maintenance and availability​​.

For more details, you can read the full article on Yahoo: Jennifer Granholm's EV Road Trip Challenges​​.


Consumer Interest vs. Market Reality


While there is a notable rise in consumer interest in EVs, it's crucial to recognize that interest alone doesn't guarantee robust sales. The EY Mobility Consumer Index (MCI) reports that a significant 48% of US car buyers are contemplating an EV purchase in the next two years. However, this enthusiasm is tempered by concerns related to charging infrastructure, the overall cost of EVs, rising interest rates, and faltering personal finances. These apprehensions suggest that addressing key challenges in the EV ecosystem, such as expanding charging networks, ensuring competitive pricing, and offering creative financing models is essential to translating interest into actual sales and widespread adoption. Consumers are also beginning to wonder, “if EVs are so great why all the government subsidies and rebates?” We must not underestimate the impact of a suspicious mind in the sales equation.


While not directly related to automobiles, a real-world example of the interest vs. sales phenomenon can be found in the video game industry. Game publishers often generate significant pre-release interest and hype for new video game titles through marketing campaigns, trailers, and previews. Gamers express enthusiasm and anticipation for these games. However, the actual sales figures may not always meet the initial interest, as factors like gameplay quality, reviews, and competition can influence purchasing decisions. This disparity between interest and sales underscores the importance of delivering a high-quality product to convert interest into successful sales and sustained player engagement.


The Cost of EV Ownership: Beyond the Price Tag


While the DOE promotes electric vehicles (EVs) as becoming more affordable, high initial prices still deter many potential buyers. Moreover, long-term expenses, particularly battery replacement costs, contribute to consumer reluctance. Independent studies emphasize the significance of the total cost of ownership (TCO) as a primary concern for prospective EV purchasers. This highlights the need for addressing both upfront pricing and ongoing expenses to facilitate broader EV adoption.


It's also important to acknowledge that many consumers prioritize present day affordability, convenience, and familiarity over TCO. This behavior extends beyond EVs to other products like heat pump-based water heaters. While these water heaters offer long-term savings, their higher initial cost and complexity often deter consumers who are more accustomed to traditional resistance-based heaters. This example underscores the challenge of shifting consumer preferences towards cost-effective and sustainable solutions, highlighting the need for education and incentives to bridge the gap between short-term affordability and long-term savings.


Striving for Balanced EV Advancement


In evaluating the progress and challenges in the EV sector, a balanced approach is crucial. It involves recognizing the positive strides made, as highlighted by the DOE, while also acknowledging and addressing the critical challenges such as infrastructure, consumer concerns, and cost factors. A realistic and comprehensive assessment is essential for fostering meaningful advancements in EV adoption. This includes an ongoing dialogue about the complexities of electrification, the need for robust infrastructure, and strategies to align consumer interest with actual purchase behaviors, ensuring overall affordability and practicality.


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